Exploring Children’s Peer Relationships through Verbal and Non-verbal Communication: A Qualitative Action Research Focused on Waldorf Pedagogy

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Aida Milena Montenegro Mantilla


This study analyzes the relationships that children around seven and eight years old establish in a classroom. It shows that peer relationships have a positive dimension with features such as the development of children’s creativity to communicate and modify norms. These features were found through an analysis of children’s verbal and non-verbal communication and an interdisciplinary view of children’s learning process from Rudolf Steiner, founder of Waldorf Pedagogy, and Jean Piaget and Lev Vygotsky, specialists in children’s cognitive and social dimensions. This research is an invitation to recognize children’s capacity to construct their own rules in peer relationships.

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How to Cite
Montenegro Mantilla, A. M. (2007). Exploring Children’s Peer Relationships through Verbal and Non-verbal Communication: A Qualitative Action Research Focused on Waldorf Pedagogy. HOW, 14(1), 59–79. Retrieved from https://howjournalcolombia.org/index.php/how/article/view/97
Research Reports
Author Biography

Aida Milena Montenegro Mantilla, Fundación Universitaria Los Libertadores, Bogotá

Aida Montenegro holds a BA in English from Universidad Distrital Francisco José de Caldas in Bogotá, Colombia. Her research and teaching activities have been based on the Waldorf pedagogical perspective. Currently, she teaches EFL at Fundación Universitaria Los Libertadores and Centro de Estudios Aeronáuticos.


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